21 and RemainINg Hopeful

21 and RemainINg Hopeful

Today… One day I will look back and see that lived I through history. Although this might sound strange, history never looks like history when you are living it. Although I have tried to keep this platform neutral , today I felt, to put it…

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Outline: Principle of effectiveness and national procedural autonomy

Outline: Principle of effectiveness and national procedural autonomy

Principles of effectiveness and national procedural autonomy NATIONAL PROCEDURAL AUTONOMY Comet 1976 ECJ established that the procedural rules of each Member State generally apply to cases of EU law. However, two basic principles must be adhered to “equivalence” (the procedure for EU cases must be…

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State Liability Outline

State Liability Outline

I’ve done my best if you see a mistake feel free to message me or if you have any questions 😀 Happy revision (if there is such a thing) State Liability Attempt to mitigate the harshness of the rejection of horizontal direct effect of Directives…

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Notes on: Direct effect and Indirect effect in the EU

Notes on: Direct effect and Indirect effect in …

*revision notes/outline EU legislative instruments Regulations Directives Decisions Recommendations Opinions The two principles that help the effectiveness of the EU= supremacy and direct effect. Two types of direct effect: Horizontal = between private individuals Vertical= between individuals and the state Very nature of legislation defines…

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