• History Revision- Chapter 5

    SED Rule
    • Ministry of state security set up in 1949= able to hunt down rivals
    • October 1949 govenrment only a temporary coaltion pending elections
    • Elections delayed by soviets in order to give SED time to get stronger
    • Heavy handed terror tactics- forme SPD members targeted too
    • Infiltrted FDGB (a TU) and FDJ
    • Persudaed CDU and LDP to join them in a ‘national front’
    • Only won 25% of vote but other parties such as NDP and Peasants Party had links to SED
    • 14 Bezirke increased centralized control dominated by SED
    • Bourgeoise parties were pushed out
    Structure of Government
    • Role of president replaced by Collective Council in 1960
    • PM-not important
    • General Secretary most powerful
    • Volkskammer not democratically elected
    • SED in control of everything- New constituiton 1968
    • 1952 Bezirke introduced
    • Upper House abolished in 1958 ‘false consciousness’
    • Pre-allocated number of seats
    • Bloc parties
    • Williamson- the line of command ran from the top to the bottom.
    Leadership of Ulbricht 
    •  Dominated until 1971
    • Big brother USSR watching him
    • Internal disputes
    • Brutal suppression of opposition
    • Purges, 1948, 1951
    • Show trials
    • Political differences between Zaisser and Hernstadt only solved after 1953
    • Further fractionalism dealt with in 1956-1957-8
    • Secure by 1950s with support of Honecker
    • Central control tightened and centralization of power
    • Police increased by 50,000
    • 1950- Ministry of State set up = Stasi established in EG
    • Party and state were fused into one
    • Personal position= widen scope of Central Committee
    • Had final say and was a supreme ‘father figure’- apparatichik
    • 1960s fell ill= Honecker usurping like Macbeth
    • Interests of USSR to keep U in power due to Cold War
    • Ruling class small
    • Wandlitz- ‘height of hypocritical luxury’
    • No life, long hours, heavily guarded, isolation, few privileges.

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