Notes on: Direct effect and Indirect effect in the EU

Notes on: Direct effect and Indirect effect in …

*revision notes/outline EU legislative instruments Regulations Directives Decisions Recommendations Opinions The two principles that help the effectiveness of the EU= supremacy and direct effect. Two types of direct effect: Horizontal = between private individuals Vertical= between individuals and the state Very nature of legislation defines…

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Law: A Survival Guide

Law: A Survival Guide

I always feel a sense of sage pride when a young hopeful Law student to be looks at me with naïve hope shining in their eyes, seeking advice regarding the mythical subject and career of the Law. You see your old self in their youthful…

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Three Certainties Simplified

Three Certainties Simplified

It all started with Knight v Knight 1840: In order for there to be an express trust there must be: Certainty of Intention Certainty of Subject Matter Certainty of Objects Certainty of Intention The key intention is a unilateral intention; we only look at the…

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A brief Introduction: Law and Morality

A brief Introduction: Law and Morality

The Legal Theories Natural law The natural law theory suggests that there should be a strong link between law and morality. Natural law argues that there is a higher moral authority. Writers such as Thomas Aquinas, a 13th century philosopher,  argued that this law was…

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A very brief evaluation: Murder and Manslaughter

A very brief evaluation: Murder and Manslaughter

Murder Murder is the most serious crime that can be committed,  and the parameters of the offence have been continually developed through the Common Law over centuries. The offence was recently investigated by the Law Commission Report, Murder, Manslaughter and Infanticide 2006. The Murder Report and…

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A Very Brief Summary: Causation and Recklessness

A Very Brief Summary: Causation and Recklessness

A Very Brief Summary: Causation and Recklessness
This article is summarized from my lecture notes

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Stark Realities

Stark Realities

This is the very first piece I ever wrote for the Law magazine at uni. “Lorraine looks at the Justice System in the Seven Kingdoms” I’m writing an article about how Game of Thrones (GoT) is synonymous to studying law.  I utter this line and…

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What is Possession in relation to Land Law?

What is Possession in relation to Land Law?

Note: these were the very first notes I ever took in this lecture and they just give a really really brief summarization of points. What is property? It is the law of things and it mainly concerns itself with rights and duties, and their relation…

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A very brief summary: What is a Constitution?

A very brief summary: What is a Constitution?

Usual exam question to consider: Would a written constitution make a great improvement to the UK system of government? 1.What is a constitution for? people need to know who has the power to make decisions or take actions It grants legitimacy to the state and…

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Hello, my name is Lorraine, and I survived the first year of law school

Hello, my name is Lorraine, and I survived …

The owl of Minerva, takes its flight only when the shades of night are gathering.  — Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, Preface  Many things can be said about my first year as a Benthamite at UCL Laws, and I think this sums it up pretty well. In that…

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Intention to Create Legal Relations and Promissory Estoppel

Intention to Create Legal Relations and Promissory Estoppel

The mind map displayed below shows all the levels, however the notes that correspond are below in the post. Also to see a larger version of the map just click on it. INTENTION TO CREATE LEGAL RELATIONS In order to prevent the courts from being…

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Consideration

Consideration

As always the notes follow the outline of the mindmap. The picture below has less detail it’s just to give an overview of the main points. The PDF version (Consideration2) shows all the levels of the mindmap. (Reflected in the notes) DEFINITION Classical definition: Currie v…

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